What actually makes a country democratic? You must have heard that Democracy is the rule of the people, for the people and by the people. To ensure this very ‘rule by the people’, elections are held. Hence, elections are the process by which people select their representatives in the government.
Since in a big country with a huge population of billions, it is not possible for everybody to gather and rule each other. Hence, a system eventually came to be formed where a group of people would select one person to represent their interests.
Constituencies are areas marked for people to elect their representatives from. In India, each constituency has roughly a similar size of the population, meaning the number of constituencies from state to state. This also implies that the number of seats (example, in Lok Sabha) is in proportion to the population of the state.
The constituencies have people who vote for their representatives or can even stand for elections themselves. ‘Electoral rolls’ are the lists of voters in one constituency. A political party registers for elections and individuals file their nomination papers too. Then, a person each gets a ‘ticket’ from the party they’re representing and he can formally contest the elections. Every party has a symbol that represents them, Each party contesting elections has a particular ideology and set of policies. They need to hold political campaigns for around two weeks in order to publicize them and gather voters
The votes are them later counted and the candidate with the majority of the votes wins the election.

Challenges of election process
The rigging of poll booths. Some big political parties have an obvious advantage where they can use an excess of money power to ‘buy’ votes with bribery.Even while campaigning, smaller parties have a disadvantage since they don’t have as much money or power as the bigger parties.

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